The number of prisoners increased drastically in 1944. With the Red Army advancing, camps in eastern Europe were dissolved and prisoners transported west. After the Warsaw uprising about 12,000 Polish women and girls were brought to Ravensbruck and the camp management had a tent erected in the new camp. By the end of 1944 there were about 45,000 prisoners in the overcrowded KZ and its external camps. The SS started systematic killings. In early 1945 they they turned the “youth protection camp” in Uckermark into a hellhole where thousands of prisoners were subjected to a planned system of starvation and deprivation which killed countless victims. The SS had a gas chamber constructed in Ravensbruck, and 5,000 to 6,000 people were gassed to death here.
Approximately 1320,000 women and children, 20,000 men and 1,000 adolescent female prisoners were registered in Ravensbruck from 1939 to 1945. People deported to this KZ came from more than 40 nations, many Jewish, Sinti or Roma. Tens of thousands were murdered, died from starvation, disease or from medical experiments.
Shortly before the end of the war, 7,700 women were liberated thanks to the activities of the Swedish and Danish Red Cross. During the last days of April 1945, all prisoners able to walk were marched out of the camp. On 30 April 1945 Soviet troops liberated the camp in which about 2,000, mostly very ill prisoners had been left to die.